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24 Tirthankars


Below are the details of the present 24 Tirthankars in the Bharatkshetra of Jambudweep.

1. Shri Rishabdev (Adinath)

Heaven before Birth : Sarvarthasiddha
Father : King Nabhi
Mother : Marudevi
Birthplace : Vinittanagari, Palitana
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Ox / Bull
Height : 500 Dhanusha
Age : 8,400,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Vata (Banyan)
Yaksha : Gomukha
Yakshini : Chakresvari
Place of Nirvana : Ashtapad

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Jeth Vad 4
Janma : Fagan Vad 8
Diksha : Fagan Vad 8
Keval Gyan : Maha Vad 11
Moksha : Posh Vad 13

Mystery behind the name


He had a sign of an ox on his thigh. The mother Marudeva saw 14 dreams, of which the first was that of an ox. He started the religion after a time span of 18 koda Kodi Sagaropam (Sagaropam itself is almost an innumerable number, therefore 18 KodaKodi sagaropam is a countless number). Therefore, he was also known as Ādinath (The first one).

2. Shri Ajitnath

Heaven before Birth : Vijayavimana
Father : King Jitshatru
Mother : Vijaya Rani
Birthplace : Ayodhya, Shikharji
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Elephant
Height : 450 Dhanusha
Age : 7,200,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Sala (Shorea Robusta)
Yaksha : Mahayaksha
Yakshini : Ajitabala
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Vaisakh Sud 13
Janma : Maha Sud 8
Diksha : Maha Sud 9
Keval Gyan : Posh Sud 11
Moksha : Chaitra Sud 5

Mystery behind the name


The parents of Lord Ajit would always involve themselves in games and sports. Each time they did so, the father invariably won the game against his mother. But after the conception of lord Ajit his mother would always win the games. Thus she named him ‘Ajit’ or the unconquered one.

3. Shri Sambhavnath

Heaven before Birth : Uvarimagraiveka
Father : Jitari
Mother : Senamata
Birthplace : Savathi, Sravasti
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Horse
Height : 400 Dhanusha
Age : 6,000,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Prayala
Yaksha : Trimukha
Yakshini : Prajnapti
Place of Nirvana : Samet Shikhar

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Fagan Sud 8
Janma : Magsar Sud 14
Diksha : Magasar Sud 15
Keval Gyan : Asho Vad 5
Moksha : Chaitra Sud 5

Mystery behind the name


When the Lord Sambhav was conceived the production of grains increased and there was much prosperity. There were no droughts or famine.  Hence he was called Sambhav or possible.

4. Shri Abhinandan Swami

Heaven before Birth : Jayantavimana
Father : Sambararaja
Mother : Siddhartha
Birthplace : Ayodhya, Shikharji
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Ape
Height : 350 Dhanusha
Age : 5,000,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Priyangu
Yaksha : Yakshesvara
Yakshini : Vajrasrinkhala
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Vaisakh Sud 4
Janma : Maha Sud 2
Diksha : Maha Sud 12
Keval Gyan : Posh Sud 14
Moksha : Vaisakh Sud 8

Mystery behind the name


After the conception of Lord Abhinandan, the Lord Indira would often come and greet the unborn child and also praise Him. Also, people in the family and the state became happy and they congratulated each other. So the child came to be known as Abhinandan.

5. Shri Sumatinath

Heaven before Birth : Jayantavimana
Father : Megharaja
Mother : Mangala
Birthplace : Ayodhya, Shikharji
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Red Goose
Height : 300 Dhanusha
Age : 4,000,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Sala
Yaksha : Purushadatta
Yakshini : Tumburu and Mahakali
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Shravan Sud 2
Janma : Vaisakh Sud 8
Diksha : Vaisakh Sud 9
Keval Gyan : Chaitra Sud 11
Moksha : Chaitra Sud 9

Mystery behind the name


From the time the child was conceived by his mother she had a strange and astonishing enlightenment of wisdom and knowledge. She then decided to call the child Sumati or the one with good wisdom.

6. Shri Padmaprabhu

Heaven before Birth : Uvarimagraiveka
Father : Sridhara
Mother : Susima
Birthplace : Kausambi, Samet Shikhar
Complexion : Red
Symbol : Lotus bud
Height : 250 Dhanusha
Age : 3,000,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Chhatra
Yaksha : Manovega or Manogupti
Yakshini : Kusuma and Syama
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Posh Vad 6
Janma : Asho Vad 12
Diksha : Asho Vad 13
Keval Gyan : Chaitra Sud 11
Moksha : Chaitra Sud 9

Mystery behind the name


When the Lord Padma was concieved by his mother, she had a desire to recline on the bed of the Lotus flowers. One of the Gods, fulfilled her desire by creating a recliner made of lotus petals for her. The child that was born also had the rosy complexion of a lotus flower. Hence he was called Padma or the Lotus flower.

7. Shri Suparshvanath

Heaven before Birth : Madhyamagraiveka
Father : Pratishtharaja
Mother : Prithvi
Birthplace : Kausambi, Samet Shikhar
Complexion : Emerald
Symbol : Swastika
Height : 200 Dhanusha
Age : 2,000,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Sirisha
Yaksha : Matanga and Santa
Yakshini : Varanandi and Kali
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Shravan Vad 8
Janma : Jeth Sud 12
Diksha : Jeth Sud 13
Keval Gyan : Maha Vad 6
Moksha : Maha Vad 7

Mystery behind the name


The mother had a disease on both the sides, but when the Lord Supashva was conceived , she was totally cured and became glittering like Gold. Thus the name was kept as Suparshva.

8. Shri Chandraprabhu Swami

Heaven before Birth : Vijayanta
Father : Mahasenaraja
Mother : Lakshmana
Birthplace : Chandrapura, Samet Shikhar
Complexion : White
Symbol : Moon
Height : 150 Dhanusha
Age : 1,000,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Naga
Yaksha : Vijaya and Bhrikuti
Yakshini : Vijaya and Jvalamalini
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Fagan Vad 5
Janma : Magasar Vad 12
Diksha : Magasar Vad 13
Keval Gyan : Maha Vad 7
Moksha : Shravan Vad 7

Mystery behind the name


When the Lord Chandra was conceived, his mother felt a longing for the moon. Her complexion glowed of happiness with radiance and the beauty of the moon. So the child that had brought that glow to the mother came to be called Chandra or the Moon.

9. Shri Suvidhinath

Heaven before Birth : Anatadevaloka
Father : Sugrivaraja
Mother : Ramarani
Birthplace : Kanandinagari, Shikharji
Complexion : White
Symbol : Crab
Height : 100 Dhanusha
Age : 2,000,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Sali
Yaksha : Ajita and Sutaraka
Yakshini : Mahakali
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Maha Vad 9
Janma : Kartak Vad 5
Diksha : Kartak Vad 6
Keval Gyan : Kartak Sud 3
Moksha : Bhadarva Sud 9

Mystery behind the name


The mother of Lord Suvidhi achieved success and prosperity in every endeavour she undertook, so she called her child Suvidhi.

10. Shri Shitalnath

Heaven before Birth : Achyutadevaloka
Father : Dridharatha-raja
Mother : Nanda
Birthplace : Bhadrapura, Shikharji
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Srivatsa
Height : 90 Dhanusha
Age : 100,000 Purva
Diksha Tree : Priyangu
Yaksha : Brahma and Asoka
Yakshini : Manavi
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Chaitra Vad 6
Janma : Posh Vad 12
Diksha : Posh Vad 13
Keval Gyan : Magasar Vad 14
Moksha : Chaitra Vad 2

Mystery behind the name


The father of Lord Sheetal was troubled with a malignant heat disease. The medications that he was taking did not help him in any way. Since the conception of the child the father was instantly relieved of his heat disease and hence they called the child Sheetal or the cool one.

11. Shri Shreyanshnath

Heaven before Birth : Achyutadevaloka
Father : Vishnuraja
Mother : Vishna
Birthplace : Simhapuri, Shikharji
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Rhinocerous / Garuda
Height : 80 Dhanusha
Age : 8,400,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Tanduka
Yaksha : Yakshet
Yakshini : Manavi
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Vaisakh Vad 6
Janma : Maha Vad 12
Diksha : Maha Vad 13
Keval Gyan : Posh Vad Amaas
Moksha : Ashadh Vad 3

Mystery behind the name


The father of Lord Shreyans had a bed, which was the family heirloom that had been bestowed by the gods. But whoever reclined on it would be greatly inconvenienced. When the child was conceived the mother of the child had a great desire to recline on this bed and she did so. But the gods did her no harm as they realized that she was bearing the Lord. The mother was saved due to her being in family state. So she called her son Shreyans.

12. Shri Vasupujya Swami

Heaven before Birth : Pranatadevaloka
Father : Vasupujya
Mother : Jaya
Birthplace : Champapuri, Shikharji
Complexion : Ruddy
Symbol : Female buffalo
Height : 70 Dhanusha
Age : 7,200,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Patala
Yaksha : Kumara
Yakshini : Chanda; or Gandhari
Place of Nirvana : Samed Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Jeth Sud 9
Janma : Maha Vad 14
Diksha : Maha Vad Amaas
Keval Gyan : Maha Sud 2
Moksha : Asadh Sud 14

Mystery behind the name


When the Lord Vasupujya was conceived the god Indra started venerating the mother of the unborn child. Also the Vaishram Gods started showering the kingdom with diamonds and precious stones, so he came to be called Vasupujya.

13. Shri Vimalnath

Heaven before Birth : Mahasaradevaloka
Father : Kritavarmaraja
Mother : Syama
Birthplace : Kampilyapura, Shikharji
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Boar
Height : 60 Dhanusha
Age : 6,000,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Jambu
Yaksha : Shanmukha
Yakshini : Vidita
Place of Nirvana : Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Vaisakh Sud 12
Janma : Maha Sud 3
Diksha : Maha Sud 4
Keval Gyan : Posh Sud 6
Moksha : Jeth Vad 7

Mystery behind the name


When he was in his mother’s womb, both body and mind became pure with his grace. The Lord, destroyed the unclean karmās with purity of his mind. So he was known as Vimal or the relaxed one.

14. Shri Ananthnath

Heaven before Birth : Pranatadevaloka
Father : Simhasena
Mother : Sujasa
Birthplace : Ayodhya, Shihkarji
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Bear
Height : 50 Dhanusha
Age : 3,000,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Asoka
Yaksha : Patala
Yakshini : Ankusa; or Anantamati
Place of Nirvana : Samet Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Asadh Vad 7
Janma : Chaitra Vad 13
Diksha : Chaitra Vad 14
Keval Gyan : Chaitra Vad 14
Moksha : Chaitra Sud 5

Mystery behind the name


When the Lord Anant was conceived, one day in her dream his mother saw an endless chain of diamonds linked together. Hence, she called her son Anant or the endless one.

15. Shri Dharmanath

Heaven before Birth : Vijayavimana
Father : Bhanuraja
Mother : Suvrita
Birthplace : Ratnapuri, Palitana
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Vajra
Height : 45 Dhanusha
Age : 1,000,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Dadhiparna
Yaksha : Kinnara
Yakshini : Manasi
Place of Nirvana : Samet Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Vaisakh Sud 7
Janma : Maha Sud 3
Diksha : Maha Sud 12
Keval Gyan : Posh sud 15
Moksha : Jeth Sud 5

Mystery behind the name


The mother of the Lord became more religious and devout when he was in her womb. Also, the lord himself was prone to religion by nature. Thus she resolved to call her son Dharma.

16. Shri Shantinath

Heaven before Birth : Sarvarthasiddha
Father : Visvasena
Mother : Achira
Birthplace : Vinittanagari, Palitana
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Antelope
Height : 40 Dhanusha
Age : 100,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Nandi
Yaksha : Garuda
Yakshini : Nirvani
Place of Nirvana : Hastinapuri

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Shravan Vad 7
Janma : Vaishakh Vad 13
Diksha : Vaiskh Vad 14
Keval Gyan : Posh Sud 9
Moksha : Vaisakh Vad 13

Mystery behind the name


When the Lord Shanti was conceived there was an uprising that had been peacefully settled. Also, all the diseases  which were prevailing in the kingdom disappeared. Since then he came to be known as Shanti or peace.

17. Shri Kunthunath

Heaven before Birth : Sarvarthasiddha
Father : Suraraja
Mother : Srirani
Birthplace : Gajapura
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Goat
Height : 35 Dhanusha
Age : 95,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Bhilaka
Yaksha : Gandharva
Yakshini : Bala; or Vijaya
Place of Nirvana : Samet Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Asadh Vad 9
Janma : Chaitra Vad 14
Diksha : Chaitra Vad 5
Keval Gyan : Chaitra Vad 5
Moksha : Chaitra Vad 1

Mystery behind the name


The mother of Lord Kunthu, one day saw a dream in which on a beautiful and fertile wide expanse of land there was a huge dome of diamonds and she thus awakened from her sleep. And thus she called her son Kunthu.

18. Shri Aranath

Heaven before Birth : Sarvarthasiddha
Father : Sudarsana
Mother : Devirani
Birthplace : Gajapura
Complexion : Golden
Symbol : Nandyavarta
Height : 30 Dhanusha
Age : 84,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Amba
Yaksha : Yaksheta
Yakshini : Dhana
Place of Nirvana : Samet Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Fagan Sud 2
Janma : Magsar Sud 10
Diksha : Magsar Sud 11
Keval Gyan : Kartik Sud 12
Moksha : Magsar Sud 10

Mystery behind the name


When the Lord Aranath was conceived his mother in her dream saw a beautiful and huge chakra with jewels which resulted in the  growth of the dynasty. So his mother named him Aranath.

19. Shri Mallinath

Heaven before Birth : Jayantadevaloka
Father : Kumbharaja
Mother : Prabhavati
Birthplace : Mathura
Complexion : Blue
Symbol : Jar or Kalasa
Height : 25 Dhanusha
Age : 55,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Asoka
Yaksha : Kubera
Yakshini : Aparajita
Place of Nirvana : Samet Shikhar

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Fagan Sud 4
Janma : Magsar Sud 11
Diksha : Magsar Sud 11
Keval Gyan : Magsar Sud 11
Moksha : Fagan Sud 12

Mystery behind the name


When the Lord Malli was conceived his mother had a strong inclination to sleep on a bed bedecked with the fragrant flowers of all seasons. Hence she called her child Malli.

20. Shri Munisuvrat Swami

Heaven before Birth : Aparajita-devaloka
Father : Sumitraraja
Mother : Padmawati
Birthplace : Rajgir
Complexion : Black
Symbol : Tortoise
Height : 20 Dhanusha
Age : 30,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Champaka
Yaksha : Varuna
Yakshini : Bahurupini
Place of Nirvana : Samet Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Shravan Sud 15
Janma : Vaisakh Vad 8
Diksha : Fagan Sud 12
Keval Gyan : Shravan Vad 12
Moksha : Vaisakh Vad 9

Mystery behind the name


When the child Lord Munisuvrat was conceived,  his mother was bound by a vow so the child came to be known as Suvrat.

21. Shri Naminath

Heaven before Birth : Pranatadevaloka
Father : Vijayaraja
Mother : Viprarani
Birthplace : Mathura
Complexion : Yellow or Emerald
Symbol : Blue water-lily; or Asoka tree
Height : 15 Dhanusha
Age : 10,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Bakula
Yaksha : Bhrikuti
Yakshini : Gandhari
Place of Nirvana : Samet Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Asho Sud 15
Janma : Ashadh Vad 8
Diksha : Jeth Vad 9
Keval Gyan : Magsar Sud 11
Moksha : Chaitra Vad 10

Mystery behind the name


When the child was conceived the kingdom of Lord Nami was invaded by the enemy. His mother felt a desire to go on to the roof of the house and look down upon the enemy and due to this with the effect of the child in the womb, the enemy was defeated. The child was hence called Nami..

22. Shri Neminath

Heaven before Birth : Aparajita
Father : Samudravijaya
Mother : Sivadevi
Birthplace : Ujjain
Complexion : Black
Symbol : Conch
Height : 10 Dhanusha
Age : 1,000 common years
Diksha Tree : Vetasa
Yaksha : Gomedha or Sarvahna
Yakshini : Ambika or Kushmandini
Place of Nirvana : Girnarji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Asho Vad 12
Janma : Shravan Sud 5
Diksha : Shravan Sud 6
Keval Gyan : Bhadarva Vad Amaas
Moksha : Ashadh Sud 8

Mystery behind the name


When the child was conceived the mother in her dream saw a huge diamond studded wheel spinning. They decided to call the child Arishtanemi (also known as Neminath).

23. Shri Parshvanath

Heaven before Birth : Pranatadevaloka
Father : Asvasenaraja
Mother : Vamadevi
Birthplace : Varanasi
Complexion : Black
Symbol : Serpent or Snake
Height : 9 hands or cubits
Age : 100 common years
Diksha Tree : Dhataki
Yaksha : Dharanendra
Yakshini : Padmavati Mata
Place of Nirvana : Samet Shikharji

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Fagan Vad 4
Janma : Magsar Vad 10
Diksha : Magsar Vad 11
Keval Gyan : Fagan Vad 4
Moksha : Shravan Sud 8

Mystery behind the name


When the Lord conceived in his mother’s womb, one day while his parents were asleep in pitch darkness, the mother felt that there was a seven headed snake passing by the bedside where they were asleep. Drawing her husband’s arm away from where the snake was passing she saved his life. She said that she could see the snake even in  pitch darkness. This  showed the power of the embryo.  Hence they called their child Parshva.

24. Shri Mahavir Swami

Heaven before Birth : Pranatadevaloka
Father : Siddhartharaja
Mother : Trisala
Birthplace : Kundulpur
Complexion : Yellow
Symbol : Lion
Height : 7 hands or cubits
Age : 72 common years
Diksha Tree : Teak
Yaksha : Matamga
Yakshini : Siddhayika
Place of Nirvana : Pava Puri

Kalyanaks


Chyavan : Asadh Sud 6
Janma : Chaitra Sud 13
Diksha : Kartak Vad 10
Keval Gyan : Vaisakh Sud 10
Moksha : Asho Vad Amaas

Mystery behind the name


There was prosperity like never before after the conception of Lord Vardhamana in the kingdom and the love among the family members increased. Hence he was called Vardhaman or the ever prospering.

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1 Comment

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  1. bindiya
    Sep 19, 2012 #

    very good

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